DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC

Introduction


Over the past 25 years the number of workers living in extreme poverty has declined dramatically, despite the lasting impact of the 2008 economic crisis and global recession. In developing countries, the middle class now makes up more than 34 percent of total employment – a number that has almost tripled between 1991 and 2015.

However, as the global economy continues to recover we are seeing slower growth, widening inequalities, and not enough jobs to keep up with a growing labour force. According to the International Labour Organization, more than 204 million people were unemployed in 2015.

The Arab region with a Gross domestic product (GDP) levelling at US$6,056 billion in 2015 –constituting 5.6 percent of the Word’s GDP— witnesses great disparities. The Human Development Report 2016 shows that the Gross National Income per capita of the Arab region averaged at US$14,958 in 2015, the United Arab Emirates registering a high value of US$66,203, and Syria, Yemen and Comoros registering value as low as US$2,441, US$2,300 and US$1,335, respectively. All figures are based on Purchasing Power Parity, constant 2011 prices.

The SDGs promote sustained economic growth, higher levels of productivity and technological innovation. Encouraging entrepreneurship and job creation are key to this, as are effective measures to eradicate forced labour, slavery and human trafficking. With these targets in mind, the goal is to achieve full and productive employment, and decent work, for all women and men by 2030.

While Lebanon’s economy has shown a high level of resilience, supported by sectors such as tourism and construction, it has been struggling in recent years and growth rates have been dropping. Even after previous periods of growth, the economy was unable to generate sufficient jobs, leading to high unemployment rates, especially among women and youth as well as brain drain.

Human Rights Center Launches a Club for Dialogue and Citizenship Fostering Diversity

Adyan Foundation, in cooperation with the Human Rights Center at BAU, organized a seminar entitled "Can a Christian-Islamic Dialogue Contribute to Building Peace and Stability?", hosting the President of the Official Sunni Court of Said, Sheikh Mohammed Abu Zeid, and the Chairman of Adyan Foundation, Father Dr. Fadi Daou, to launch a club for dialogue and citizenship fostering diversity.


The event opened with a welcoming note by the Director of the Human Rights Center at BAU, Dr. Omar Houri, who pointed out that the Center, since its establishment, has played a positive role towards both the students and the society, by organizing such activities that aim at a strong and educated society.


Sheikh Abu Zeid spoke about the importance of dialogue, pointing out that the issue begins in both Muslim and Christian homes.


Abu Zeid resumed, saying that "Lebanon is distinguished by Islamic and Christian diversity, and the Lebanese environment is the most beautiful for such a title. The dialogue of life is a serious dialogue that emerges through schooling, through the family, within religious groups, and through a religious discourse that is accepting of the Other".


In turn, Father Daou thanked the Center for launching the club, which will also be launched by the Antonine University. He also stressed that the dialogue we are calling for is not a form of small-talk, but rather begins with listening, accepting diversity, and interacting with others to establish a co-existence.

Daou stressed that the aim of dialogue is to create peace-makers, and eradicate the religious labeling of conflicts that exist in our society.

Awareness sessions on "Violations Against Domestic Workers"

The center organized a series of awareness sessions on violations against domestic workers in collaboration with KAFA enough violence& exploitation, 15th , 16th of Feb 2017, Beirut- Debbie and Tripoli campus.

industries are under increasing pressure from public initiatives and laws to improve their work ethics by demanding more business processes and ethics. corporate social responsibility has become relevant to the market today after growing interest in social aspects. corporate social responsibility can help increase business confidence, deal with community challenges while achieving winning results. everyone seems to be aware of the need for sustainable development and that companies have a great responsibility to achieve them, and companies have to make sure that they are able to manage their social responsibilities and that those responsibilities of course make a profit when implementing them.


students can refer to a number of books and researches written by dr. mohammed hassan qassem in this field, as it should be noted that these references include comparative analytical reading and recommendations issued by many seminars that have accompanied the development of some concepts that we will address in research topics and mention, for example, the stages of negotiation in the contract of the information machine", a look at the development of medical responsibility, and telecon contracting.

The Conclusion of the Fourth Regional Summer Session on “Implementing the Human Rights Agreements in National Systems” at BAU


For the fourth consecutive year, the Human Rights Center at BAU concludes the “Fourth Regional Summer Session” on the “Implementation of the Human Rights Agreements in National Systems”, in collaboration with the Arab Academic Network for Human Rights, and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law. The event which was held on the 25th of August, 2014, hosted 34 students from eight Arab countries, namely Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt, Iraq, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.

The course ran for 10 days, during which staff members at BAU, the Jordanian University and the University of Algeria, in addition to a group of experts in the field, such as Jordanian ex-Minister of Justice, Dr. Ibrahim Al Jazi, and Judges Yehia Ghabboura and Khaled Akkari, presented lectures.

Various topics were dealt with, most important of which is the current state of human rights in the Arab World, the status of International Agreements in National Systems, Women’s Rights, Children’s Rights, Enforced Disappearances, and the Rights of Migrant Workers.

What is worth to be mentioned is that BAU has been proactive in introducing a course on Human Rights as part of the University Requirement Courses, as well as in establishing a center dedicated to Human Rights in 2009. The aim is to raise awareness of Human Rights and train qualified people who can conduct studies, and organize seminars, workshops and lectures in the domain.

Behavior Modification

Dr. Mayssah El Nayal, Professor of Psychology and Dean of the Faculty of Arts, BAU, presented a workshop of entitled “Behavior Modification”, organized by the Women’s Humanitarian Organization in Beirut. The workshop was held on Saturday, 1st December 2012, and was attended by psychologists, sociologists and social workers. The workshop focused on the concepts of behavior, motivation, and modification, as well as on the strategies and techniques of behavior modification. The trainees discussed a number of cases and methods of behavior modification of students in the classroom and in society.

Lebanon and Human Rights Round Table Discussion

The Human Rights Center at Beirut Arab University represented by the Senior Specialist Salam Zahran, participated in a round table discussion entitled "Lebanon and Human Rights," that was held at the La Nau Cultural Center at the University of Valencia in Spain.


The discussion dealt with the Human Rights Situation in Lebanon in the context of the recent crisis in light of the financial collapse, Right to Health Medication during the pandemic, and Beirut Blast, with a focus on Lebanese women's rights and Palestinian refugee women in Lebanon. The seminar was accompanied with a photography exhibition by the photojournalist Germán Caballero which depicted the status of the Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon's Camps.

The Human Rights Center at BAU participates in the "Religion and Human Rights" Event

The Human Rights Center at BAU and NDU organized, in collaboration with the Council of Research for Values and Philosophy and the Johns Hopkins University Protection Project, a student exchange activity entitled "Religion and Human Rights". Forty students from Faculties of Law, media and humanities from both universities participated in the event throughout lectures and seminars.

The activity was concluded with a dinner hosted by NDU, and was attended by the presidents of both universities, in addition to Dr. Omar Houri, Director of the Human Rights Center and Assistant to the Dean of Law and Political Sciences at BAU, Dr. Edward Alameddine, Secretary General of the Council of Research for Values and Philosophy, as well as the concerned deans and heads of departments at both universities.